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ACRONYMS

AHIC - American Health Information Community
AHIMA - American Health Information Management Association
AHRQ - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
ASTHO - Association of State and Territorial Health Officials
BHIE - Bi-directional Health Information Exchange
BPM - Business Process Model
BSV - Biosurveillance
CC - Chronic Care
CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDISC - Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium
CE - Consumer Empowerment
CHI - Consolidated Health Informatics
CCHIT - Certification Commission of Healthcare Information Technology
CDS - Clinical Decision Support
CHC - Community Health Centers
CIO - Chief Information Officer
CISO - Chief Information Security Officer
CMS - Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CONNECT - NHIN gateway
CONOPS - Concepts of Operations
COTS - Commercial Off-the-Shelf
CPRS - Computerized Patient Record System
CRM - Customer Relationship Management
DoD - Department of Defense
DURSA - Data use and reciprocal support agreement
EA - Enterprise Architecture
E-GOV - E-Government
EHR - Electronic Health Record
EHRVA - Electronic Health Record Vendors Association
FACA - Federal Advisory Committee Act
FAST - Federal Adoption of Standards for Health IT
FDA - Food and Drug Administration
FEA - Federal Enterprise Architecture
FHA - Federal Health Architecture
FHIPR - Federal Health Information Planning and Reporting
FHISE - Federal Health Information Sharing Environment
FHITSOP - Federal Health IT Standards Organization Participation
FORE - Foundation of Research and Education (part of AHMA: works for ONC)
FSS - Federal Security Strategy
FSWG - Federal Security Work Group
FSWG - Food Safety Work Group-Obsolete
FTF - Federal Transition Framework
HAF - Health Architect's Forum
HHS - Department of Health & Human Services
HI - Health Information
HIE - Health Information Exchange
HIMSS - Healthcare Information Management Systems Society
HIPAA - Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HISB - Healthcare Informatics Standards Board
HISE - Health Information Sharing Environment
HISPC - Health Information Security and Privacy
HIT - Health Information Technology
HITPC - Health Information Technology Policy Council
HITSP - Health Information Technology Standards Panel
HL7 - Health Level 7
HRSA - Health Resources and Services Administration
HSP - Health Information Service Provider
IFMC - Iowa Foundation for Medical Informatics
IHS - Indian Health Service
IOM - Institute of Medicine
IT - Information Technology
JCAHO - Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations
LC - Leadership Council-FHA
LOB - Line of Business
MLPC - Managing Lead Partner Council-FHA
MUA - Medically Underserved Areas
NAHIT - National Alliance for Health Information Technology; "The Alliance"
NCI - National Cancer Institute
NCSL - National Conference of State Legislatures
NCVHS - National Committee on Health and Vital Statistics
NGA - National Governors Association
NHIE - NHIN Health Information Exchange
NHIN - Nationwide Health Information Network
NIH - National Institutes of Health
NLM - National Library of Medicine
OHITA - Office of Health Information Technology Adoption
OIS - Office of Interoperability & Standards
OMB - Office of Management & Budget
ONC - Office of the National Coordinator (preferred abbreviation for ONCHIT)
ONCHIT - Office of the National Coordination for Health Information Technology
OPC - Office of Programs & Coordination
OPR - Office of Policy & Research -
PHC - Personalized Health Care
PHCCC - Population Health & Clinical Care Connections
PHR - Personal Health Record
PITAC - President's Information Technology Advisory Committee
PM - Program Management
PMO - Program Management Office
PQRI - Physician Quality Reporting Initiative
PTSD - Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PVRP - Physician Voluntary Reporting Program
QUAL - Quality
RHIO - Regional Health Information System
RPMS - Resource and Patient Management System
RTF - Review Task Force
SAMHSA - Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
SDO - Standards Development Organization
SDLC - Standards Development Lifecycle
SLHIE - State Level Health Information Exchange Consensus Project
SNOMED - Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine
SOA - Service Oriented Architecture
SSL - Secure Sockets Layer
TBI - Traumatic Brain Injury
TLS - Transport Layer Security
VHA - Veterans Health Administration
VistA - Veterans Heath Information Systems and Technology Architecture
VOE - Vista Office HER
WG - Work Group
WW - Wounded Warrior

(Acronyms provided by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ),U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)


Glossary

Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) - A computer application that allows a physician's orders for diagnostic and treatment services (such as medications, laboratory, and other tests) to be entered electronically instead of being recorded on order sheets or prescription pads. The computer compares the order against standards for dosing, checks for allergies or interactions with other medications, and warns the physician about potential problems.

Consolidated Health Informatics (CHI) Initiative - One of the 24 Presidential eGovernment initiatives with the goal of adopting vocabulary and messaging standards to facilitate communication of clinical information across the federal health enterprise. CHI now falls under FHA.

Decision-Support System (DSS) - Computer tools or applications to assist physicians in clinical decisions by providing evidence-based knowledge in the context of patient specific data. Examples include drug interaction alerts at the time medication is prescribed and reminders for specific guideline-based interventions during the care of patients with chronic disease. Information should be presented in a patient-centric view of individual care and also in a population or aggregate view to support population management and quality improvement.

Electronic Health Record (EHR) - A real-time patient health record with access to evidence-based decision support tools that can be used to aid clinicians in decision making. The EHR can automate and streamline a clinician's workflow, ensuring that all clinical information is communicated. It can also prevent delays in response that result in gaps in care. The EHR can also support the collection of data for uses other than clinical care, such as billing, quality management, outcome reporting, and public health disease surveillance and reporting.

Electronic Prescribing (eRx) - A type of computer technology whereby physicians use handheld or personal computer devices to review drug and formulary coverage and to transmit prescriptions to a printer or to a local pharmacy. E-prescribing software can be integrated into existing clinical information systems to allow physician access to patient specific information to screen for drug interactions and allergies.

Enterprise Architecture - A strategic resource that aligns business and technology, leverages shared assets, builds internal and external partnerships, and optimizes the value of information technology services.

Federal Health Architecture (FHA) - A collaborative body composed of several federal departments and agencies, including the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Department of Defense (DoD), and the Department of Energy (DOE). FHA provides a framework for linking health business processes to technology solutions and standards and for demonstrating how these solutions achieve improved health performance outcomes.

Health Information Technology (HIT) - The application of information processing involving both computer hardware and software that deals with the storage, retrieval, sharing, and use of health care information, data, and knowledge for communication and decision making.

Personal Health Record (PHR) - An electronic application through which individuals can maintain and manage their health information (and that of others for whom they are authorized) in a private, secure, and confidential environment.

(Definitions provided by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services)

EHR Success Stories

The devastating tornado that swept through Joplin, Missouri on May 22 completely destroyed a number of physician offices, including that of Tracy Godfrey, MD, a Family Practitioner with the Family Health Center of Joplin. But thanks to electronic health records, Godfrey had access to all of her patients' information, and in less than three days after the catastrophe, the practice was able to reopen its doors at a temporary location. More EHR Success Stories